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時間:2022-08-15 來源:本站 點擊:258次
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今年降雨量已超过1000毫米 西安是否变成湿润气候?西安气象局独家回应******

  华商网讯(记者钟梦哲)今年六月份以来,越来越多的市民感觉自己好像泡在雨水里,仿佛西安每周都在下雨。今年西安雨季来得早、持续时间长,降雨频次多,根据数据统计,2021年西安平均降水量为近60年来最高,持续性的降水让人们感觉西安气候好像从半湿润变为了湿润。西安本地一些自媒体经过对各种降雨量数据的对比,也认为西安气候已经开始变得湿润起来。针对此问题,10月13日华商网记者独家采访西安市气象台副台长刘瑞芳、西安市生态与农业气象中心副主任徐军昶,两位就网友关心的气候话题进行了正面回应。

  副高位置偏西偏北、水汽条件充沛等因素导致今年以来雨水偏多

  西安市气象台副台长刘瑞芳表示,1月1日-10月10日西安全市平均降水量为1018.0毫米,较常年同期(539.0毫米)偏多89.1%,属异常偏多,为1961年以来历史同期第一多年。主要原因一是今年大气环流形势稳定,有利于冷空气频繁影响北方地区,副热带高压位置较常年同期偏北偏西,有利于我国主雨带位置偏北;二是水汽条件充沛,夏季风偏强,有利于南海和孟加拉湾的水汽向我国北方地区输送,为持续降水提供了充沛的水汽来源。西安正是处于这个大的气候背景下。

图片1.png

1991-2021年西安市年降水量曲线变化图

  近30年西安平均降水呈上升趋势 但是增长不高仍是半湿润气候

  对于外界认为西安已经进入湿润气候的观点,西安市生态与农业气象中心副主任徐军昶回应称:“1991-2020年西安市平均降水总体呈上升趋势,20世纪90年代年平均降水量为562.8毫米,21世纪10年代年平均降水量为624.6毫米,近10年年平均降水量为639.0毫米。近三十年(1991-2020年)西安市平均降水量609.6毫米,与前一个30年(1981-2010年)西安市平均降水量619.3毫米相比还略偏少。”

  并且判断一个城市是否进入湿润气候,降水量只是其中一个因素,其他因素还比如有蒸发量等,并且判断是否湿润要参照30年的连续数据。也可以根据目前年降水量简单判断:年降水量400~800毫米为半湿润气候,800~1600毫米为湿润气候,>1600毫米为潮湿气候,因此西安仍处于半湿润气候。

  目前没有明确指标显示需要更改西安气候代表站

  由于今年西安的降水量暴增,网友对于设置在泾河的气象观测站能否代表整个西安提出质疑,认为该站只能代表渭河北部地区,不能代表整个西安应当重新选址。针对此问题徐军昶表示,泾河站现址位于泾河工业园泾渭一路,于2006年开始观测,经过与原代表站(位于西安市气象局院内)对比观测等严格流程,确定为西安市区的气候代表站。目前没有明确指标显示需要更改西安气候代表站。


9日来山西省累计汇报本土确诊342例 全收治在西安市胸科医院******

  华商网讯 2021年12月25日(星期六)16时,山西省市人民政府新闻报道公司办公室举办山西省新冠肺炎疫情防控工作中第四十场记者招待会,省卫生健康委、省民政厅、省农业农村厅、省商务厅有关负责同志,详细介绍最近我省疫情防控工作情况。

  自12月9日至今,我省累积汇报本地诊断病案342例(西安330例、延安市7例、宝鸡市5例),现阶段所有接诊在西安胸科医院,在其中,超重型4人,通用型134人,轻形204人;60岁以上40人、较大年纪90岁,18岁下列27人、最少年纪1岁。不但有老年人、小孩,也有孕妈妈。现阶段,在院病人整体病况稳定。

12月9日西安汇报本地诊断病案后,将诊疗救护工作中做为头等大事,紧前提前准备、科学合理强化措施、归类救护,争取以最短期内、最好计划方案、最佳方式奋力进行新冠病人救护工作中。

  一是加速确诊、紧前提前准备。加强“逢阳必报、逢阳即报、接警即查”,立即下达有关通告,进一步简化步骤,明确规定全国各地要加速呈阳性人员信息汇报工作中,加速流调等处理进展,优化诊断程序流程。在这类对策下,山西省每天抗体检测呈阳性工作人员完成了“日汇报、零报告”,尤其是现阶段最高点的12月22日,当天86名工作人员所有获得了精确确诊和合理救护。与此同时,依据我国全新修编的《新冠肺炎定点救治医院设置管理规范》相关规定,提早与西安一起摸透储备定点医疗机构实数,搞好翻空开启的提前准备,并于12月20日翻空西安胸科医院,中止其所有诊治服务项目,融洽省肺结核预防院、市一医院、西京医院、唐都医院等接受西安胸科医院各种病人119人,不断达到了病人的救护要求。

  二是快速装运、集中化救护。时时刻刻紧绷疫情防控这一根弦,紧抓我省Dna呈阳性验出工作人员,提早搞好病人连接、装运车子等准备工作,依照诊疗救护“四集中化”标准,立即将咸阳市5名、延安市7名诊断病案立即转至西安市,开展集中化救护。经综合性评定,决策将西安第八医院新冠肺炎诊断病人总体装运,依照“先危重症后轻疾、当地与海外分离、轻疾与危重症分离”规定,逐步完善总体装运计划方案,于12月22日晚将重症患者转到西安胸科医院,并在12月23日一天時间内将西安第八医院的96例当地病案、41例海外键入病案所有转到西安胸科医院,总体装运工作中稳定井然有序。现阶段,西安胸科医院设立有新冠肺炎危重症病房2个、一般病房7个,当地与入关诊断病案推行了分楼救护,当地危重症病案与别的病案推行分病房救护。

  三是提升能力、科学合理救护。为了更好地提高西安胸科医院新冠肺炎救护工作能力,邀约国务院办公厅联防联控体制综合性组陕西省调研组权威专家当场学习培训,提高医院门诊感控管理方法和救护水准,下派唐都医院康复医学科姚立农负责人精英团队提早进驻,并创立7个后勤管理志愿队,合理提高保安人员、保洁服务、餐饮业等工作员防控知识及技术培训,全面提升医疗管理运作工作能力。在使用好西安胸科医院目前诊疗能量的根基上,以西安交大第一附属医院、第二附院和市一医院等三甲医院为主力军,建立6个整建制共392人的危重症及一般护理精英团队,并逐渐入驻、总体接手危重症病房和一部分一般病房,进一步提高医院门诊诊疗救护水准。坚持不懈中西医并重和多课程协作,加强我国和省份权威专家协同专家会诊、中西医结合权威专家协同专家会诊等规章制度,立即建立少年儿童病房,配制包含麻醉机以内的抢救机器设备共130台,并依据临床治疗期的不一样临床诊断(轻形、通用型、超重型、危重症型)归类救护,竭尽全力救护病人。除此之外,仍在我省范畴内优先选择选拨曾参与援外省和援外医疗卫生工作中的医疗人员,建立10支共250人的储备医疗组,留之备用。

  下一步,将进一步生产调度本省高品质医疗资源,健全专家团按时专家会诊等规章制度,加强定点医疗机构工作人员、机器设备、设备等支撑确保幅度,尽最大的勤奋救护新冠肺炎诊断病人,为山西省疫情防控工作中给予顽强的基本医疗保险。


来源于:华商网。

编写:黎诺万。

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Typhoon Rai death toll in Philippines surges to 389******

The death toll from Typhoon Rai in the Philippines has surged to 389, with 64 more missing, a government disaster agency said on Monday.。

The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) said that the typhoon, which made landfall in the Philippines on December 16, also injured 1,146.。

The agency said the the typhoon has affected more than 4.2 million people in 11 regions in central and southern parts of the Philippines, as well as parts of the main Luzon Island.。

The typhoon, the 15th and most powerful to have hit the country this year, forced villagers to spend their holiday season days in evacuation centers because of damaged houses.。

According to the agency, nearly 315,000 of more than 570,000 displaced people are temporarily housed in 1,179 evacuation centers. More than 500,000 houses were destroyed.。

Typhoon damage to agriculture and infrastructure has reached over 22 billion pesos (about 440 million US dollars).。

Health Undersecretary Maria Rosario Vergeire told an online briefing that the typhoon damaged 141 health facilities, including hospitals, in five areas hit hard by the storm.。

The Philippines' Department of Health (DOH) has monitored food and water-borne diseases like diarrhea and acute gastroenteritis in typhoon-hit areas. Some patients were taken to hospitals.。

Vergeire urged the evacuees to follow ways to avoid infections amid the COVID-19 pandemic, adding that it is imperative to watch for evacuees with coronavirus symptoms, and make separate rooms for the vulnerable such as the elderly.。

She said that the typhoon has also affected 62 testing laboratories for COVID-19 and wasted thousands of doses of vaccines due to power outages.。

The government continues to bring aid to the affected areas, including food, drinking water, while restoring damaged roads, telecommunications and houses.。

China has offered urgent assistance including food packages, donated rice, and cash to support relief and recovery efforts of the Philippine government and to help victims of the typhoon disaster in the Southeast Asian country.。

Ghislaine Maxwell convicted of recruiting teenage girls for Epstein sex abuse******

AFP。

This undated trial evidence image obtained on December 8 from the US District Court for the Southern District of New York shows British socialite Ghislaine Maxwell and US financier Jeffrey Epstein.。

Ghislaine Maxwell was foundguilty by a US jury on Wednesday of helping the late financierJeffrey Epstein sexually abuse teenage girls, sealing aremarkable fall from grace for the British socialite.。

Maxwell, 60, was accused of recruiting and grooming four teenagers between 1994 and 2004 for Epstein, her formerboyfriend, who killed himself in 2019 in a Manhattan jail cellwhile awaiting trial on sex abuse charges of his own.。

She was convicted on five of six counts, including one countof sex trafficking. Lawyers for Maxwell, who faces up to 65years in prison, vowed to appeal.。

Maxwell's trial was widely seen as the reckoning Epsteinnever had and one of the highest-profile cases.。

During the month-long trial, jurors heard emotional andexplicit testimony from four women who portrayed Maxwell ascentral to their abuse by Epstein. Three of the four saidMaxwell herself touched their bare breasts or took part in theencounters, which often began as massages.。

Maxwell's attorneys sought to undermine the women'scredibility, arguing that they were motivated by money toimplicate Maxwell since all four had received million-dollarawards from a compensation fund for Epstein's victims.。

But the women disputed those characterizations, saying theydecided to testify out of a desire for justice, not money.。

After the verdict was read, Maxwell, wearing a burgundyturtleneck, poured herself a glass of water. Defense attorneyJeffrey Pagliuca patted her upper back. An expressionlessMaxwell looked briefly at two of her siblings seated in thefront row as she left the courtroom.。

Annie Farmer, one of the women who testified againstMaxwell, said: "I am so relieved and grateful that the juryrecognized the pattern of predatory behavior that Maxwellengaged in for years and found her guilty of these crimes."

Maxwell's lawyer, Bobbi Sternheim, told reporters thedefense was disappointed with the verdict.。

Maxwell will return to Brooklyn's Metropolitan DetentionCenter, where she has been held in isolation since July2020. Maxwell has voiced concerns about her treatment at thejail, asserting that guards have disrupted her sleep at nightand that the stench of raw sewage has permeated her cell.。

During the trial, prosecutors showed jurors bank recordsindicating Epstein paid Maxwell millions of dollars over theyears. They said Maxwell was motivated to do whatever it took tokeep Epstein happy in order to maintain her luxurious lifestyle.。

Maxwell's attorneys argued prosecutors were scapegoating herbecause Epstein was no longer alive.。

"Epstein's death left a gaping hole in the pursuit ofjustice for many of these women," Sternheim said. "She's fillingthat hole, and filling that empty chair."

巴基斯坦军方一直升机坠毁4人死亡

1.米体:巴萨急切想送德佩去尤文,但还未谈妥遣散费

2.5+2设计 | 线条构建体块艺术形态

3.胜利来之不易!150秒重温日本投降77周年那些珍贵记忆

4.美国花了2800亿,却利好中国芯片

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